Do Ley Lines Only Have a Paranormal Explanation?

“Philip Carr-Gomm and Richard Heygate describe the origin of ley lines in their ‘Book of English Magic’: ‘Alfred Watkins, a landscape photographer in Herefordshire, noticed that ancient sites seemed to be aligned with others nearby. His idea was that our ancestors built and used prominent features in the landscape as navigation points. These features included prehistoric standing stones and stone circles, barrows and mounds, hill forts and earthworks, ancient moats, old pre-Reformation churches, old crossroads and fords, prominent hilltops and fragments of old, straight tracks. Watkins went on to suggest that that the lines connecting these ancient sites represented old trackways or routes that were followed in prehistoric times for the purposes of trade or religious rites, and in 1921 he coined the term “ley lines” to describe these alignments.’ “¹

The idea that some sort of land or water structure could represent a “trackway” for prehistoric travel purposes does make sense. Back then, the only navigational tools available would be the position of the stars and any natural or man-made landmarks. Placing these in some sort of a “line” would make travel easier and decrease the chances of getting lost.

Over time ley lines have been a bit redefined as being avenues of intense energy that ancient civilizations knew about and harvested to their advantage. These lines of energy are believed to have electromagnetic properties that ebb and flow as the Earth changes. These energy pathways may be associated with telluric currents:

“Telluric currents are natural electric currents flowing in the Earth’s crust and mantle…. Geophysicists have known for decades there are electrical currents in the earth and that these electrical currents are modified by natural resources which can be resistive (fresh water aquifers, oil, gas. salt, etc.) or conductive (brines; clays; minerals like copper, iron, lead, zinc, gold, silver, and rare earths; Kimberlite Pipes; etc.)”²

Despite any changes in energy, ley lines remain more powerful than the areas that surround them. Furthermore, it is also believed that, when two or more are crossed together, ley lines create a type of energy vortex that many believe increase paranormal activity,

And so this leads to the bigger question – does this phenomenon actually exist or is it just some convoluted idea that really has no foundations in scientific proof? There is plenty of skepticism out there….


Sometimes the human brain can create something that doesn’t actually exist by simply “filling in the blanks.” In the paranormal world a good example of this is when a ghost tour guest or paranormal investigator claims to have seen a ghost in a window. Many times the objects in the room behind the window, the angle of light on its surface or the texture of the screen can make it appear that someone is standing in the window.

The photo on the left is from one of my paranormal investigations of a local crematory. If you look closely you may be able to see shoulders at the bottom of the window with a darker pointed collar above them. A vague head can be seen as well with darker hair flowing off to the right.

Having trouble seeing the figure? Well, that’s the mystery of pareidolia – some can see them, some cannot. And it is this argument that sets skeptics afire. It is claimed that sacred sites only line up exactly if you choose to see it that way. Consider the fact that a quarter-inch line on a map to equate to a fifty-foot line on the ground. That’s a pretty big chunk of real estate to connect together. Consider also that some parts of the world have multiple sites in a concentrated area. As an example, England itself has thousands of locations that are considered ancient or sacred. Anyone with any concept of what a line is could draw ley line connections between any of these sites.

The Origins Of Ley Lines

As was mentioned in the opening quotation, Alfred Watkins, a British photographer, is attributed with coining the term “ley lines.” He noticed that in his travels of taking photos that certain sites seemed to line up in straight trajectories. In his book Early British Trackways, he discusses the implications of what he believes he may have discovered at a lecture given to the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club at Hereford – September, 1921. Here he offers up a provable experiment whereby he was able to draw out all of the natural and man-made objects can be linked together in this straight line. He goes further by stating that the concept of a ley line has even evolved in our spoken language:

“The fact of the ley is embedded in the rural mind. A country man in directing your path will invariably bring in the now misleading, but once correct, ‘keep straight on.’ It was once absolutely necessary to ‘keep straight on’ in the ley, for if you did not you would be de-leyed on your journey. This is not said as a pun, but as in some succeeding sentences, to point out the place of the ley in the evolution of our language.”³

For all he did present as possible proof, Watkins always kept himself a bit reserved in  admitting that ley lines absolutely exist.

“My deductions may be faulty. But the facts are physical ones, and anyone can test in their own district whether moats, mounds and churches do not line up in straight lines with a hill peak at one end, and with bits of old tracks and antiquarian objects on the line…. I had no theory when, out of what appeared to be a tangle, I got hold of the one right end of this string of facts, and found to my amazement that it unwound in orderly fashion and complete logical sequence.
Make your own deductions when you have verified….”⁴

Since his time, New Age thinkers have taken his discovery and transformed it into an entire discipline that encompasses feng shui and Gaia – the planetary consciousness of Earth.

What Does Science Say About Ley Lines?

If you search through Google Scholar and other academic resources, you will be hard-pressed to find anything reputable that mentions ley lines. In fact, the disciplines of geology and electromagnetism have nothing or very little to offer. It would seem that science has not been able to use the scientific method to verify the existence of ley lines. But does the search for answers really end here? Let’s consider some things we do know about energy and its impact on humans – both alive and deceased.

In the realm of quantum physics, our understanding of what exactly matter is composed of is slowly changing. Decades ago we understood the basic building blocks of physical objects to be made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Now we understand that matter’s composition may be more about energy than it is about physical stuff. The physical particles themselves consists of swirling vortices of energy that each have their own signature spin. We are slowly discovering new information each day through the Hadron Collider and scientific research, changing our understanding of matter and energy. As an example, quantum entanglement – a term used in quantum theory to describe the way that particles of energy/matter can become correlated to predictably interact with each other regardless of how far apart they are – has redefined the physical laws of energy/particles and their relationships. The unknowns discovered through our pioneering efforts may also play a role in proving the existence of ley lines.

Consider also that the Earth is surrounded by electromagnetic fields. They are what keep our atmosphere protected from solar radiation. These fields are created by the flow of the Earth’s liquid iron core which is whirpooled around by the planet’s spin, or Coriolis force. These electromagnetic fields have a direct impact on life itself – as has been observed in the medical field.

Geopathic Stress

Electromagnetic radiation has both positive and negative effects on humans. We know that adequate sunlight allows plants to grow and humans to produce healthy levels of vitamin D. Transversely, overexposure can have detrimental effects:

“It has been reported that living close to power lines can cause or exacerbate headaches, depression, allergies, anxiety, irritability, and may even lead to fetal difficulties, increased tumor growth or cancer.”⁵

When the Earth’s magnetic field is disturbed in some way, it is known as geopathic stress. These disturbances can be made naturally, like geological faults or underground water – or they can be man-made through power lines, mining, construction of underground transport systems or the building of stone structures. Just as an example – if a hospital is built on top of or near a disturbed site:

“Patients in hospital beds where geopathic stress is a problem are likely to suffer more post operative complications and take longer to get well…geopathic stress can undermine the patient’s energy and sleep patterns thus delaying their recovery.” ⁵

Furthermore, it can be observed within many patient care facilities that Sudden Cardiac Death happens between the hours of 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. Half of all heart disease deaths happen this way. This type of death is attributed to an electrical disruption or arrythmias in the heart. Many of these patients have ventricular or atrial fibrillation, a common diagnosis of racing heartbeats, fluttering, and a feeling of being “off.”

“…sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical system to the heart malfunctions and suddenly becomes very irregular. The heart beats dangerously fast. The ventricles may flutter or quiver (ventricular fibrillation), and blood is not delivered to the body. In the first few minutes, the greatest concern is that blood flow to the brain will be reduced so drastically that a person will lose consciousness. Death follows unless emergency treatment is begun immediately.”⁶

Interestingly enough, as the sun moves across the planet’s surface, the disruptions in its electromagnetic fields are at their greatest. It has been theorized that an increase in SCD may be linked to this massive disruption of electromagnetic fields on the planet as the sun begins to rise.

What Might We Deduce?

If we take all of the information previously mentioned and examine it together, there are many things we do understand about the Earth and its electric currents. We know that its core is responsible for its electromagnetic fields that exist around the planet in distinctly separate circular patterns. We also understand that telluric currents run under the crust and throughout the mantle and that they can be modified by natural and man-made resources. Matter, as we continue to understand it, is quickly becoming a discussion more so of energy than physical stuff. Humans are directly affected by the Earth’s electromagnetic surges and wanes, as in sudden cardiac death.

Is it too far of a stretch to make the link that perhaps the Earth does have lines of concentrated energy that can be harvested, or at least understood? In all of the mysteries of past civilizations, might those peoples have figured out that by erecting sacred sites along these energy lines that an amazing potential would be achieved? Might we be able to say, scientifically, that ley lines do exist?

I leave you with one final quote to mull over in regards to ley lines and the paranormal:

“…most of the Earths leys are positive but when two of these leys cross or intersect a vortex of negative energy is then created. It is like a powerful magnet attracting all kinds of lower vibrational spirit, energy or entity and even sometimes people. These entities can then draw off the energy, feed on it and use it to manifest. Bodmin Jail (Cornwall) is a place where two such energy lines cross and therefore they form lower energy vortexes and this, in turn, will also affect the way people behave in such places. They will be prone or influenced to lower vibrational thoughts, paranoia, anger, ego and fear etc………it can be a source of food to an entity to recharge their essence.”⁷

Works Cited:

Photo courtesy Nicholas Raymond:                                                               


²  H. R. Nelson1 , Les R. Denham2 , and D James Siebert2. “Telluric and Earth Currents, Lightning Strike Locations, and Natural Resource Exploration.” May 12, 2014.

³  Watkins, Alfred. Early British Trackways, Moats, Mounds, Camps and Sites. 1922. pg. 17.

⁴  Ibid.

⁵  Freshwater, Dawn. “Geopathic Stress.” Downloaded from: