Native American Traditions and Their Paranormal Link to Limestone



The state of Indiana in the United States is attributed as being the home of America’s most-popular and most-used limestone. The Empire State Building pictured above is just one of many structures throughout the country that is built with Indiana limestone. Back in history, before Indiana was admitted to “the Union in 1816, a light-colored, fine-grained native stone had been used by pioneer settlers for cabin foundations, door sills, milling burrs, and memorials…. The first organized quarrying effort of record was established in 1827 in Southern Indiana near Stinesville.”¹


Before the migration of Europeans westward, the Native Americans had discovered this sedimentary rock first. Their purposes for the stone are shrouded in the mysteries of their culture and what they may have used it for, if anything at all, is something this article will attempt to discover.

What can be known about these indigenous people in the Indiana area is that they were predominantly from the Miami and Shawnee tribes. Although there may be little documented evidence that limestone played a direct role in their lives, it is known that Native Americans were and still are firm believers in animism. If you are unfamiliar this concept, it is a belief that all things animate or inanimate possess a spirit. Limestone would be treated in the same manner. Thus its presence in several Native American environments may suggest that this sedimentary rock plays a functional if not significant role in their culture and helps to shape their relationships with the spirit world.

What I Hope You Discover

In this article I will offer up a sort of “treasure map” by expanding a little more on the theory of animism and then making a direct link from two Native American tribes to oolitic and Bedford limestone. This link will show that this stone did and still does play a crucial role in their societies. The basis for this connection is rooted in the fundamentals of animism and the inherent paranormal properties of limestone. In closing, you can judge for yourself whether or not limestone plays an influencing role in your life – which you may find surprisingly akin to the Native Americans’ treatment of inanimate objects.

The Earth Speaks From Wisdom

The fascinating thing about animism is that it is much more than just a cultural belief or form of religion – it is a recognized science. Anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor (1832 – 1917) is credited with the theory of animism and the coining of the term:

“In standard accounts, E.B. Tylor’s theory of animism is derived from the ‘primitive’ inability to distinguish between dreams and waking consciousness. When the ‘primitive’ ancestors of humanity dreamed about deceased friends or relatives, they assumed that the dead were still alive in some spiritual form. Out of dreams, therefore, evolved ‘the doctrine of souls and other spiritual beings in general’….”²

Tylor’s assertions that “primitive” minds were unable to distinguish a difference between the souls of the living and the dead has laid the foundation for spiritual transference to inanimate objects. His theory is continuously placed within the context of Native American and other similar societies because they adopted this belief system long before Tylor made the claim. This “inability,” as he suggests, is a perceptual understanding that life energy continues on even after the original human or object has changed. This same energy can exist in spirit form or possibly become interwoven with the physical environment. His theory proposes that there is an inherent link between everything material, which, again, Native American societies like the Miami and Shawnee tribes still embrace today.

How can you and I believe that animism is not just some hockus-pockus of the mind? Let’s take a little scientific journey….

“A particularly revealing example of … animistic effects… can be seen in the wonderworlds of mirror neurons that connect humans and other primates through networks of empathy…. Mirror neurons are the latest result in a sequence of investigations that once began under the imperative to debunk speculative and spiritualistic entities by means of dissolving them into strictly natural, material processes—perception, feeling, reasoning, decision-making, and memorizing, once understood as results of neurophysiological processing.”

So what does this quotation mean in our search for proof? To put it in a nutshell, there are unseen forces at work, like empathy, that we once thought were simply the work of our brain processing information. The discovery of mirror neurons suggests that the “speculative and spiritualistic entities” might hold merit because we have discovered an anatomical connection that fuels their existence.

Our brains can process, manipulate, and direct forces like emotion to another animal that is not human. This newly affirmed “power,” if taken to a higher level, may be able to transfer this same unseen energy to physical objects. This line of reasoning opens up the doors to understanding how haunted objects work and how limestone can have psychic/emotional energies embedded in its composition based on the consideration of Native American ideologies.

With all of this in mind, can we observe a direct relationship between Native American animism and cultural traits tied to limestone and other similar geology? Let’s swing down to the state of Florida and continue this quest for some concrete (pun intended) answers.

The Miami Circle

In 1998 a surveyor in Miami-Dade County in Florida uncovered a stone site underneath three feet of dirt while construction was underway for two high-rise tower apartments. The arc-like section has some very uniqimg_3720ue traits:

“The Miami Circle is characterized primarily by a series of 24 main basin ‘rectangles’ which have been cut almost 2 feet deep into the site’s oolitic limestone bedrock, 6 smaller ones, and hundreds of random ‘post holes.’ The 30 large and small ‘rectangular basins’ form a ring geometry approximately 37 feet in diameter….”

The Tequesta Indians are accredited with using this site for a variety of ceremonies. These people inhabited the area approximately 2,000 years ago. There are other opinions that suggest there was a more highly-sophisticated tribe who lived in this same area upwards of 13,000 years ago. No matter who receives the credit, the fact is that they specifically chose to use limestone in its construction.

Florida’s geology is primarily sedimentary rocks because of its location, with coquina and limestone being the primary composition in the Miami area. Thus the fact that the Miami Circle is made of limestone in and of itself proves little in our search.

Archaeologists have ascertained that the circle may have been used as the foundations for a Council House. It has also been paralleled with England’s Stonehenge as a possible site in understanding the cosmos or it may hold some religious significance. This circle may have functioned as a type of “capital” for the Tequesta tribe – a center for all of its most important activity. It is still a mystery what purpose limestone may have directly played in the Miami Circle and it is even harder to make any claims that the Tequesta Indians knew of limestone’s paranormal properties.

There is a site, though, that will shed much more light on the subject and certainly might give us the proof that Native Americans do indeed use limestone in their everyday and spiritual traditions.

The Seven Pillars

Along the Mississinewa River in Indiana there are natural erosion structures that were used by the Miami Native Americans for a variety of purposes. These “pillars,” as they are named, are made of limestone and their unique structure have provided a very unique environment for council meetings, tradition activities, and it was even used as a trading post.


Within the dark confines of this geological phenomenon, though, lies an even darker story. There are claims that criminal trials were held within the pillars and that anyone who committed heinous crimes against the tribe were beheaded. Reports of apparitions moving throughout the pillars and hovering over the water have been expressed by campers who have spent the night on the grounds in front of the limestone structures.

“It was a mist, roughly in the form of a man, swirling among the pillars. We were camped on the south bank when we were awakened by the sound of someone running through the water. We went to look and saw the apparition moving in and out of the limestone pylons on the north side of the river.”

Could there be residual and/or intelligent hauntings on this site? We already know that Native Americans firmly believe in the existence of supernatural energies within all things animate and inanimate and so the limestone rock will contain a naturally-occurring spirit. The bigger question to finally answer is – have the Miami and Shawnee tribes always known that limestone carries unique paranormal properties?

“The Miami believed the site to be home to what Europeans would refer to a fairy-folk or land wights…preternatural beings who live between this world and the next, with the natural formations of the Pillars being a gateway between these worlds.” 

Some skeptics may say a definitive answer cannot be derived from the Seven Pillars because the site simply seems to be a natural choice to have gatherings with its unique structure along a flowing river. However, I would argue that the Tequesta and Miami tribes could have chosen locations anywhere on their land to represent their capital or council meeting centers. But they specifically chose these limestone sites.

Based on the information given, might it be possible that Native Americans have always understood the energy absorption/transference abilities of this rock – they just didn’t fully understand how? What do you think?

Your Connection to Limestone

Reflect throughout your day all of the places where you inhabit, work or visit. Is there limestone anywhere in the construction of your house or in the landscaping on your property? Odds are, there is.


Does the building where you work contain limestone or granite? Most office buildings do and many other workplace sites have limestone buried underground.

If you attend church then you will surely find granite in the walls since nearly every church is built with this stone.

Have you experienced unusual things in any of these places that seems to be out of the ordinary?

If so, then perhaps you too may sense the supernatural power of limestone. And perhaps, just like the Native Americans, you just haven’t realized why.

I encourage you to share your story in the comment box below or any social media site you find this article and… Happy Haunted Halloween!!!



Llandudno’s Victorian cemetery, which is still in regular use, was laid out in 1859 adjacent to the 12th century church of Saint Tudno where open-air services are held every Sunday Morning in summer. Nearby are several large ancient stones that have become shrouded in folklore and also an unexplained stone lined avenue called Hwylfa’r Ceirw leading towards Cilfin Ceirw (Precipice of Deer).

Works Cited: 


² Taylor, Bron. Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. London & New York: Continuum, 2005.   (mirror neurons)–Animism.pdf

Spirit Communication Through Mirror Neurons and My Podcast Interview


Recently I was researching the topic of animism and came across an interesting snippet of neural science that I thought I would share with you. Many times when either a friend or a loved one goes through a traumatic moment – let’s say a family member’s death – we are able to empathize with them because we have experienced this type of tragedy too. What allows us to be able to connect with this person on such a deep level? Here is where mirror neurons come into play.

“Mirror neurons represent a distinctive class of neurons that discharge both when an individual executes a motor act and when he observes another individual performing the same or a similar motor act. These neurons were first discovered in monkey’s brain. In humans, brain activity consistent with that of mirror neurons has been found in the premotor cortex, the supplementary motor area, the primary somatosensory cortex, and the inferior parietal cortex.”¹

In a nutshell, and from what we have learned from studying monkeys like the macaque, the brain has specific neurons designated for imitating actions that are observed. The majority of the data has been derived from the study of fMRI’s (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) and the results show that certain neurons will “mirror” a behavior just as if the observer were acting in the same behavior. These cells in the brain play a significant role in not only learning by imitation, but also a myriad of other activities:

  • Gives us our sense of self-awareness
  • Are linked to understanding goals/intentions
  • Intricately tied to the Theory of Mind², which is “the branch of cognitive science that investigates how we ascribe mental states to other persons and how we use the states to explain and predict the actions of those other persons. More accurately, it is the branch that investigates mindreading or mentalizing or mentalistic abilities. These skills are shared by almost all human beings beyond early childhood.”
  • These neurons, as already mentioned, are attributed to our ability to empathize with others.


Spirit Communication

What might mirror neurons have to do with spirit interactions?

There are many different ways that spirits can communicate with us. The most well-known techniques are through the ever-evolving paranormal investigation tools we have today. REM pods, digital voice recorders, EMF dectectors, EVP recorders, thermal scanners, and even flashlights rank on this list. But what about the personal, one-on-one interactions? Sure, mediums and psychics have an innate ability to reach spirits that common folks do not. Or do they?

As has been mentioned above, everyone has the ability to sense and predict other people’s behavior through observation. Mirror neurons give all of us this faculty to translate what we see into action. We carry this ability with us across the veil into the spirit world. How can we know this statement to be true, that spirits do utilize a type of mirror neuron?

Think about anyone who is close to death and entering into the hospice phase. In nearly every instance, when the point of death draws near, relatives and loved ones who have passed on come to visit. They are there to help the dying person to cross over the threshold of death. This act is a form of empathy and affirms the assertion that we do indeed keep the faculties of mirror neurons in the spirit world.


Think about a house haunting. The entity or entities on the premises will continuously observe its occupants and seek to imitate any fears or disturbances the spirit finds by providing them a tangible, physical reality. The entity does need a fuel source to do so and so any inanimate objects containing stored negative energy or the presence of limestone will function for this purpose. Batteries work well also. Nearly every paranormal investigator can affirm a ghost’s ability to utilize lithium power.

Is it possible that the existence of mirror neurons in both the physical and spiritual bodies might contribute to the function of paranormal activity?

Could these cells acting as a mode of empathy be just another means of spirit communication done so on a much deeper level?

The Podcast 

I have deliberately brought you down this road of thinking so I might get you thinking about the many possibilities of spirit communication – especially this newest theory of mirror neurons.

Furthermore, I also want to get you thinking about the possibilities of limestone and its paranormal properties. In the link below you can listen in to an interview hosted by Mike Huberty of See You On The Other Side and myself.

In this podcast I mention one of my theories of how ghosts can harvest energy from limestone. I call this energy “paranormal plankton” because it can be scooped up just like baleen whales gather their food.

I would be honored if you would give it a listen and offer up your thoughts, comments, and feedback.


I’ll leave you with the sounds of Sunspot, Mike’s rock band. His three-member band put together a song for each of their podcasts, following the theme of the guest. Here is what they made for my interview, Captured in Limestone. I love it!!

Works Cited




The Psychology of Poltergeists and the Nocebo Effect of Haunted Objects


When paranormal investigators explore a haunted site, usually what is discovered are disembodied voices, full-body apparitions, unidentified footsteps, shadow figures or unexplained equipment disturbances. In rare cases some members may be physically attacked – perhaps being touched, scratched or pushed. In more severe instances poltergeist activity may manifest itself as objects may be moved or even thrown.

From a paranormal perspective, poltergeist activity can be scary and completely unexplainable. From a scientific point of view, RSPK is still not able to be fully explained – but there have been some interesting discoveries.

Recurrent Spontaneous Psychokinesis (RSPK) is the technical term given to poltergeist activity. It has been researched in great detail since the 1960’s and the findings are quite fascinating. In a primer written by Bryan Williams and Annalisa Ventola, the authors approach the phenomenon of poltergeists from a parapsychological perspective with the intent of informing paranormal enthusiasts. Six case studies are performed in locations all over the world – specifically Miami, Florida; the country of Bavaria; Druten, Turkey; New England, USA; a haunted restaurant in Japan; and a horrible murder case in Columbus, Ohio. If you are interested in reading the 30-page primer you can access it at this website –

In each of these uniquely bizarre incidents objects of all sizes, shapes, and weights were moved through psychokinesis. The scientific explanations as to how exactly this was performed still remains elusive. They were, however, able to make certain conclusions:

  • Epilepsy, seizuring, and dissociative states do seem to play a significant part in many poltergeist episodes. Normally these symptoms will peak during the stages of adolescents and teenagers who have been diagnosed with central nervous system disturbances.
  • Psychological situations tied to emotion are perhaps the biggest determinants of RSPK, as children (and some adults) are often confused and may not have good regulation control:

“In general, we find hostility in the [child] which cannot be expressed in normal ways, the main target for the anger being people with whom he [or she] is associated on a daily basis…. [O]bjects tend to move toward the rooms belonging to the person who is the focus of the [child’s] anger.”  – William Roll

  • Here is the most fascinating aspect of these case studies (in my opinion, of course!):

 9103297092_3a7f62f27f_z“Another finding is a possible relationship between RSPK and the activity of the Earth’s magnetic field. Preliminary surveys in which the occurrence of RSPK was compared with recorded magnetic indices indicate that [poltergeist activity] tends to coincide with increases in geomagnetic activity…. Such increases in geomagnetic activity often result from disturbances produced by variations in the solar wind (due to solar flares associated with sunspots, mass coronal ejections and similar stellar phenomena) that interact with the magnetosphere surrounding the Earth.” (p.25)

I have presented this scientific evidence to reveal the fact that poltergeist activity can be a function of the human mind, albeit very unusual and defying complete explanation. Our brains are capable of far more than we may realize. Consider this experiment and try it on your own (as perhaps many of you already may have):

The next time you see someone walking at a distance who does not see you, stare at them intently. You will find that nearly every single time the person will deliberately stop and look in your direction. This can be done from windows, at heights above the person, and in crowds. Now don’t misunderstand me – I am not promoting that you go around stalking people. My point behind this mental task is that it represents a phenomenon that could be considered paranormal in nature, but it is not. Some things are just not what they seem.


In recent news, police officers in Lanarkshire, Scotland have been called to a house where loud disturbances were reported. Lights going off and on, clothes being thrown, and a levitating Chihuahua dog have been observed by officers who have been on the force for 20 years. They are baffled by what they have observed.

A “woman and [a] teenager, described as extremely distressed, had been experiencing violent and unexplained circumstances and in desperation contacted police,” according to the UK’s Daily Record. Investigators are researching the property for any explanations as to its history, but it is interesting to note that a teenager does live on the premises. I am certainly not saying that he or she is the cause of the poltergeist activity – I cannot know this information. However, I am presenting this article to you to give you a context for understanding both poltergiest and potential PRSK activity. It is for you to decide what you believe.

If you have never had an opportunity to check out Flipboard Magazine, I encourage you to do so. You can access the Daily Record full article through their free website here:

The Nocebo Effect

This phenomenon is a sort of evil brother to another effect everyone should be familiar with – the placebo. There have been countless studies performed by doctors and laypeople alike that have shown that the power of positive thinking produces measurable health benefits. Interestingly, the transverse is also true:

“[T]he nocebo effect…[uses] dummy pills and negative expectations… [to] produce harmful effects. The term ‘nocebo,’ which means ‘I will harm,’ was not coined until the 1960s, and the phenomenon has been far less studied than the placebo effect. It’s not easy, after all, to get ethical approval for studies designed to make people feel worse.” – Helen Pilcher

One of the best examples of the Nocebo Effect can be found with Voodoo curses. If you have ever traveled to Haiti or educated yourself on the Voodoo practices there, you know that the ceremonies they perform are serious business. Even African slaves brought here to America back in the slave-trading days were familiar with the power of Voodoo. It has been documented that many of them turned to Voodoo curses in an effort to get back at their masters. Furthermore, within the status quo of the United States and in many socities throughout the world, there is a fearful stigma attached to Voodoo practices and their curses.

Helen Pilcher relates one of these stories in the context of the Nocebo Effect:  

“Late one night in a small Alabama cemetery, Vance Vanders had a run-in with the local witch doctor, who wafted a bottle of unpleasant-smelling liquid in front of his face, and told him he was about to die and that no one could save him. Back home, Vanders took to his bed and began to deteriorate. Some weeks later, emaciated and near death, he was admitted to the local hospital, where doctors were unable to find a cause for his symptoms or slow his decline. Only then did his wife tell one of the doctors…of the hex.”

Understanding the power of the mind can be a very complex issue. There is the consideration that as we get older that we want to do things our bodies cannot. Here is where the saying comes in that “the mind is willing, but the body is weak.” Despite this fact, though, there is definitely good credibility in regards to both the placebo and nocebo effects. In Pilcher’s article, she elaborates further:

“The ultimate cause of the nocebo effect, however, is not neurochemistry but belief…. [S]urgeons are often wary of operating on people who think they will die – because such patients often do. And the mere belief that one is susceptible to a heart attack is itself a risk factor. One study found that women who believed they are particularly prone to heart attack are nearly four times as likely to die from coronary conditions than other women with the same risk factors.”

Haunted Objects

At the Haunted America Conference in Alton, Illinois this past June I had the opportunity to meet Greg and Dana Newkirk – the owners of The Traveling Musuem of the Paranormal and the Occult. You can check them out at:

Through their work (and Nick Groff, formerly of Ghost Adventures), I came across the Idol of Nightmares – which has some amazing claims that anyone who has touched this wooden doll has had horrible things happen to them. It was discovered in a basement crawl space in Dayton, Ohio and, once the burlap sack was removed off of it, gave the owner’s son horrible nightmares. This figure has been touched by several people and it will consistently appear in dreams.  It is blamed to be responsible for car accidents and other traumatic events. I will be posting a paranormal perspective on this haunted object on my sister site Paranormal Insights. (


When you look at the doll, it clearly has the insinuations that its roots may be in Voodoo. Could it be possible that this haunted object may simply be a catalyst for the Nocebo Effect within the mind? The reported activity of this figure has reached many different people from many walks of life and so this could be a stretch in reasoning. But think further – might it be possible that whoever created The Idol of Nightmares designed it knowing that its physical appearance would warrant spooky, paranormal responses? Following this line of reasoning and, as it has been presented in the Vance Vanders case, these haunted objects were designed with the Nocebo Effect in mind. That is what gives the relic its power – the human brain.

What do you think?

I encourage you to offer up your thoughts in the comment box below or whatever social media site you may find this article! 

Radioactive Material in Granite: A Paranormal Perspective


Granite is a very popular item to use in homes, especially in the kitchen where there may be several square feet of this material adorned as countertops. This gorgeous Tuscan kitchen (photo courtesy Nancy Hugo, CKD – Flickr) is a wonderful example of how dazzling Verde Peacock granite can be in the warmth of your food preparation and socializing area.

Although they are very beautiful and provide a nice addition to any home, there are minor safety concerns that need to be taken into consideration. By studying these potential issues a little more in-depth, we may be able to further ascertain evidence as to why spirit activity increases with the presence of granite.

The definition of granite, according to  “a light-colored igneous rock with grains large enough to be visible with the unaided eye. It forms from the slow crystallization of magma below Earth’s surface. Granite is composed mainly of quartz and feldspar with minor amounts of mica, amphiboles, and other minerals.”¹

Quartz is naturally well-known as a great conductor of energy, as it is used in many different devices that we rely on everyday – watches and navigational equipment, to name a couple. What also exists within it structure are Naturally-Occurring Radioactive Materials, known by the acronym NORM.

“All minerals and raw materials contain radionuclides of natural origin. The most important for the purposes of radiation protection are the radionuclides in the U-238 and Th-232 decay series. [Potassium-40 is a third radioactive element in granite]”²

A Few Terms Defined:

Radionuclide – “An unstable form of a chemical element that radioactively decays, resulting in the emission of nuclear radiation. Also called a radioisotope.”³

Alpha Rays – “Alpha radiation occurs when an atom undergoes radioactive decay, giving off a particle (called an alpha particle) consisting of two protons and two neutrons (essentially the nucleus of a helium-4 atom)…. Due to their charge and mass, alpha particles interact strongly with matter, and only travel a few centimeters in air. Alpha particles are unable to penetrate the outer layer of dead skin cells, but are capable, if an alpha emitting substance is ingested in food or air, of causing serious cell damage.”♣

Beta Rays – “a form of ionizing radiation emitted by radioactive substances (such as radium), more penetrating than alpha rays, and consisting of negatively charged electrons.”♥

Generally the radioactive material within naturally-forming granite has little affect on human health, but there have been a few cases where concern was warranted. Alpha and Beta rays are a product of radioactivity and can cause damage to the human body. Is it possible that they may have some effect in the spirit realm?

The decay products of the 3 radionuclides – uranium, thorium, and potassium 40 – are radium and radon. Radon poisoning in the home can be hard to detect.

“Radon poisoning can occur where there are high concentrations of radon gas. This typically occurs in areas with poor ventilation, such as underground mines, crawl spaces, or basements in homes or buildings. Scientists first identified that underground uranium miners were being exposed to radon and dying of lung cancer at very high rates. Since radon originates in the soil through its decaying process, it also gives off tiny radioactive particles that can be inhaled into the lungs. These radioactive particles can then cause damage to the lungs, possibly resulting in lung cancer.

Radon poisoning symptoms resemble those of lung cancer: a persistent cough that doesn’t get better, difficulty breathing, chest pains, the coughing up of blood, wheezing, hoarseness and recurring respiratory infections such as pneumonia or bronchitis.”♠

Keep in mind that, yes, these symptoms are very dangerous. However, all homes are usually tested for radon levels and you can test your home yourself if you have any concerns. My point in mentioning this information is not to scare you with an off-topic, but rather to put forth a possible theory in regards to the paranormal:

Many paranormal investigators can affirm that sites with high amounts of granite exhibit more spirit activity than sites that do not. In our current technological study of ghost activity, investigators use equipment that measures electromagnetic energy that tends to fall in the visible light spectrum and its surrounding infrared and ultraviolet frequencies (as you can see on the bottom of the chart):


I have personally talked with a victim of oppression who felt his experience was borderline possession. He claims that a Geiger counter was placed close to his chest and that it spiked up considerably. I am currently researching to find anyone else who can confirm this phenomenon. The point behind this research is to suggest that the alpha, beta, and gamma rays further down the light spectrum may play a strong role in paranormal activity. So far it seems to just be true with negative entities. That being said:

Could the radionuclides found in granite play some sort of role in the transference/absorption of energy by spirits?

Could the half-lives of uranium, thorium, and potassium help explain how it is possible for energy to remain in rocks for thousands of years?

What do you think? Drop me a line and let me know! 🙂

Check back with this site over the next couple of weeks as we further explore the possibilities of science and the paranormal!!


Works Cited:









Hospice, Death-Bed Visions and the Paranormal

Here is the link to my latest post on Paranormal Insights. I encourage any comments, experiences or feedback you may have. All of us should be able to relate to the hospice or final days moments in some way. Thank you in advance for sharing a many times difficult story! Check out the post by clicking here.

Magnetotactic Bacteria and Limestone


What exactly are magnetotactic bacteria and why would they have anything to do with the paranormal?

“Magnetosomes (or magnetofossils when found in the sedimentary record) are submicron crystals of magnetite (Fe3O4) or greigite (Fe3S4) that grow intercellularly, forming chains, within magnetotactic bacteria to assist them in navigation within aquatic environments. [They] are important in Earth science because they have ideal sizes for recording stable paleomagnetic signals.”¹

Translation: These bacteria incorporate iron into their bodies to travel through water using electromagnetic fields as guides. MTB (the short abbreviation for them) make up a huge part of our oceans and lakes throughout the world. While alive, they are responsible for stable magnetic iron compositions in sediment layers. While dead, they contribute strongly to a rock’s magnetic capabilities – especially limestone.

“[B]iogenic magnetite, formed by magnetotactic bacteria and/or other magnetite-precipitating organisms, is responsible for much of the stable magnetic remanence in many marine sediments and sedimentary rocks…. The ability of sediments to record accurately the geomagnetic field depends on the constant influx of suitable magnetic carriers….”²

Translation: The functions of this bacteria are largely responsible for limestone’s ability to record electromagnetic fields. The strength of these fields is dependent on the concentration of MTB in the sediments. This is very important in understanding how much energy is available for spirits to extract from a limestone environment.

¹ Larrasoaña, Juan C., et. al. “Paleomagnetic and Paleoenvironmental Implications of Magnetofossil Occurences in Late Miocene Marine Sediments from Guadalquivir Basin, SW Spain.” Frontiers in Microbiology. March 2014. Vol. 5. Article 71. Pg. 1.

² Chang, Shih-Bin Robin and Kirschvink, Joseph Lynn. “Magnetofossils, the Magnetization of Sediments, and the Evolution of Magnetite Mineralization.” Annual Review Earth Planet, Science. 1989. Vol. 17. Pgs. 169, 179.

Copyright © Timothy Yohe, All Rights Reserved.

Thank You for Dropping In!

I appreciate you taking a peek at the new site currently under development. On December 31, 2013 I launched Paranormal Insights and since then have created a growing audience with some very unique perspectives. On October 7, 2015 I self-published my first book entitled Limestone and Its Paranormal Properties: A Comprehensive Approach to the Possibilities. This past Sunday I graduated with an Honors Degree in Education, strongly focused on Science. All of these endeavors have led to this current project.


As I am not a professional web designer, you will see small changes happening over the next few weeks. The goal of this site is summed up in the tagline you see in the above banner:

 “Seeking Scientific Closure for Paranormal Phenomena”

I encourage you to reach out to me through the contact page about any communications or experiences you may have had with the paranormal. Specific areas of interest are geology, quantum physics, pregnancy and the paranormal, and experiences in tuberculosis sanatoriums. I look forward to hearing from you and our journey into the future….